What are the benefits of forging?
Only the forging process can yield a grain structure oriented to the part shape, resulting in optimum toughness, ductility, impact strength and
Forgings are produced from the cleanest steels thereby minimizing non-metallic inclusions and retained gases that are found in castings and plate.
Under the Microscope
Forgings have a much more uniform structure and finer grain size than castings or plate resulting in more predictable and uniform mechanical properties as well as higher yield strengths for any given hardness level. Conversely, localized "soft spots" in castings & plate can develop into cracks and lamination respectively.
Made to Order
Forging is often the only metalworking process available with certain grades in desired sizes.
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Open die forging has no pattern or die costs. In addition, forgings are produced close to final shape thereby minimizing material waste. As material costs increase, forgings become a cost effective alternative to the wasteful process of flame cutting.
When reliability is critical, design engineers will often specify forgings. The combination of strength, ductility, uniformity, and cleanliness is unmatched by alternative products.
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